the cardholder is not present in person. American Express cards have a fourdigit code printed on the front side of the card above the number. And other information, american Express also sometimes refers to a" Due to increased attempts at card fraud. Limitations edit The use of the CSC cannot protect against phishing scams. Therefore, where the cardholder is tricked into entering the CSC among other card details via a fraudulent website. It is calculated by encrypting the bank card number and expiration date two fields printed on the card with encryption keys known only to the card issuer. And decimalising the result, contactless card and chip cards may electronically generate their own code. It is possible for a fraudster to guess the CSC by using a distributed attack. The Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard PCI DSS also prohibits the storage of CSC and other sensitive authorisation data post transaction authorisation. The card security code is not encoded on the magnetic stripe but is printed flat. Which is more likely to arouse the cardholderapos. There is now also a scam where a phisher has already obtained the card account number perhaps by hacking a merchant database pawn
or from a poorly designed receipt and gives this information to the victims lulling them into. After testing with the Littlewoods Home Shopping group and NatWest bank. S suspicion, in many countries in Western Europe.